Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the organ of vision, which includes the eye and structures around the eye, such as the eyelids and tear system.
The most common conditions for this medical specialty are:
- Refractive errors (myopia, farsightedness, astigmatism)
- Diseases of the retina (macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy) and cornea
- Strabismus and amblyopia
- Ophthalmic surgical reconstruction procedures